hello an annotated bibliography is an important tool to understand because it can help you in a very organized manner it can help you take notes on the literature that you’re reading as well as perhaps videos and so on but primarily it’s used to keep track of literature so let’s go ahead and look at not only how an annotated bibliography is formatted in APA style but what information is included and as well as some tips on how you write the annotation so that way it can help you save some time when you’re actually writing your paper and using information so first off the what you see in front to you is an APA document that shows what’s included in an annotated bibliography and how its formatted you’ll notice here that the citation part of the annotated bibliography is written exactly like you’d have it in a reference list so it follows the APA manual on how to format a reference listing this right here is helpful for you so again as you’re reading an article you go ahead create this annotated bibliography you you write down the citation and then what you will be able to do is cut and paste this directly into your reference list so it’s not like you have to do this twice so you’re gonna have to do this anyways why not go ahead and put that information in an annotated bibliography you’ll also notice that it’s formatted the same way that it would be for your reference list so in other words it’s justified over to the left with a one-inch margin and then the second and third lines are indented 1/2 inch what’s different about an annotated bibliography so the annotation portion now is the portion right here which you can basically think of as notes these are notes about the article in this citation right here but the notes aren’t just a summary of the article but they’re also and they could include a critique they could include additional notes on how this article is helpful for you in the paper you’re going to write and a number of other information that’s kind of depending on how you want to organize the information so as an example what maybe I find helpful is is maybe two sentences and many times I’m pretty specific on how many sentences I write and I’ll explain that in a moment here but maybe a couple sentences on summarizing the article and then maybe a sentence on why this article might be helpful for the current paper I’m writing maybe there’s also another sentence on the measure if there was one on the measure that was used for the study because that can be used in many of the research papers that I write and then maybe some strengths or limitations of the study so just kind of depending on what you want to include in it for notes as well as depending what you’re going to use that for that’s how you organize the information and annotation in general however it’s pretty much the same information so in other words again summary some key items like the maybe the research method and the measure and then why that information is important to understand now you will also notice here that there’s an extra indent so you must do that as well it’s an extra quarter inch and I’ll show that how that’s done in a moment here but then there’s something else that’s important to understand that I personally promote in an annotation and that is you will notice here that this article this example writes this article discusses the problem so they don’t state the author’s names here they just say this article well what I would encourage you to do is to write the annotation as as you would in a paper so in other words you have to cite in-text in a paper so go ahead and do that right here and that will save you time in the long run so let me show you an example of what what I mean by that right here is an annotated bibliography that I created for a project that I’m working on so what we have here in this bosworth example is again I have the citation and you’ll notice up here on this toolbar that I have the half-inch margin you’ll notice right over here there’s what’s called a hanging indent that’s an extra quarter inch so that way it’s indented even more and then rather than saying this article or this author described or something like that I cite the source in text the reason why is now what I’m able to do is if I want to use this in the article that I’m writing I can almost go ahead depending on what section I’m putting it in I can cut and paste this information and put it directly into my paper so again let me explain that what I did was I cited in text so Bosworth 2006 effectively summarizes and what I’m able to do because I just did not put like the authors now I can cut in this kind of paste this information and put it directly in my paper yes it’s it’s maybe only a little bit of time to have to rewrite and insight in text but that little bit of time can save you especially you know save you a lot of time especially if maybe you have a hundred articles for let’s say a dissertation or something well now you’ve done it plus it can help ensure that you’re actually citing the source and where the source came from so this is a very effective technique again in summary when it comes to the organization you’re going to want to have the actual citation here formatted just like you would in your reference list you can cut and paste the cut and paste this and put it in your reference list you have an extra hanging indent over here for the annotation and then the annotation in summary here is some notes on the actual article that you read including a summary and some key elements of the article that you might find useful as well as some additional notes that you want to put in there why that article might be applicable to the paper you’re writing again this is doctor Dan I hope you find this information helpful thank you very much and have a great and blessed day

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